Collie Local History
Collie is a town located in the south-west region of Western Australia, about 213 kilometers south of Perth. The town is situated in the picturesque Collie River Valley and is surrounded by jarrah and marri forests.
The Nyoongar People
The traditional owners of the land on which the town of Collie stands are the Nyoongar people. They have lived in the area for tens of thousands of years, and their deep connection with the land and their culture is still present today.
The Early Settlers
The first European settlers arrived in Collie in the mid-1800s. One of the early pioneers was Dr. Thomas Harrison, who arrived in Collie in 1862 and established a medical practice. Other settlers soon followed, and the town of Collie began to develop.
The Coal Mining Industry
In the late 1800s, coal was discovered in the Collie River Valley, and the town's economy began to boom. The first coal mine opened in 1898, and by the early 1900s, Collie had become a major center of the coal mining industry in Western Australia. The coal was transported by rail to the port town of Bunbury, where it was loaded onto ships and sent to markets around the world.
The War Years
The town of Collie played an important role during World War II. The town's coal mines supplied coal to the Royal Australian Navy, which used it to fuel their ships. The town also had a major military hospital, which treated wounded soldiers returning from the war.
The Modern Era
Since the end of World War II, Collie has continued to grow and develop. Today, the town is home to a diverse range of industries, including coal mining, agriculture, and tourism. The town is also well-known for its beautiful natural surroundings, which attract thousands of visitors each year.
In conclusion, the town of Collie has a rich and fascinating history. From its early days as a pioneer settlement to its role in World War II and its current status as a thriving community, Collie has played an important part in the development of Western Australia. Its history is a testament to the resilience and determination of the people who have called this place home for thousands of years.